10 unfinished buildings that have become the world’s most famous landmarks
To build an architectural masterpiece requires years of work and impressive financial influence. But sometimes, despite all efforts, the construction remains unfinished. Lack of funds, lack of labor, death of the project author-the reasons can be very different. And yet some of the unfinished buildings are beautiful exactly as they were left by the builders, because it is not for nothing that they have become popular attractions that people from all over the world want to see.
1. The Crazy Horse Memorial
USA, South Dakota
When most people hear about giant sculptors carved in the mountains in South Dakota, the first thing that comes to mind is the famous mount Rushmore. But there is another sculpture in the mountains of South Dakota that, if ever completed, will dwarf mount Rushmore next to it. High in the Black hills of South Dakota is the ” Rampaging Horse memorial.”
This project was started in 1948 by the sculptor Korczak Zylkowski, who worked on it until he died in 1982. The main goal was to create a memorial in honor of all native North Americans, and the monument was dedicated to the Indian chief of the Oglala tribe, Wild Horse. In 1998, the rider’s face was completed (the head height is approximately equal to a 22-story building).
In total, millions of tons of rock have been blasted out of the mountain over the past seven decades. According to the project, the height of the entire sculpture will be equal to a 64-storey building, and the size of only one eye of a Rampaging horse – 5 meters. Money for the project comes only from charitable contributions and donations, and it may take several more years to complete the carving of just the hand of an Indian chief.
2. Mingun Pahtodawgyi
In the small town of Mingun, which is located in the region of Sagain in North-Western Myanmar, you can find the “Mingun Pahtodawgyi”. King Rodapia wanted to build the biggest pagoda in the world. The process of building the giant building began in 1790, but the project was never completed. During his military campaigns, king Rodapia got thousands of prisoners and slaves, and he used them for the construction of a huge pagoda.
As the construction process began to affect the finances of the state, a prophecy spread among the people that the Kingdom would perish as soon as the pagoda was completed. Variations of the prophecy also said that the king would also perish along with his country. Today, the height of the unfinished pagoda is 50 meters (a third of the estimated height) and the area of its base is about 42 square meters. Because of the earthquake in 1839 on the “Mingun Pahtodawgyi” appeared a huge crack.
3. Hassan Tower
The Hassan tower, also known as the Hassan Minaret, is a huge minaret in Rabat, the capital of Morocco. The project, commissioned by Emir Yaqub al-Mansur in the 12th century, was to be the tallest building in the Islamic world, and the mosque, of which the tower was to be a part, would be the largest mosque in the world. However, construction of the project ended four years after al-Mansur’s death.
The current height of the tower is 44 meters, which is just over half of the estimated height. Nearby, there are about 200 columns scattered across the marble floor, which shows how huge the mosque must have become, capable of accommodating 20,000 worshippers at a time. In 2012, the Hassan Tower received the status of a world heritage site.
4. Cathedral Of St. John The Theologian
USA, new York
One of the largest churches in the world is an unfinished masterpiece. The 1921 design of the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist assumed that it would take 700 years to complete the construction due to the lack of proper construction equipment and financial support. The Reverend Horatio Potter first started a campaign to build the Cathedral in 1887, but died before construction could begin.
The Reverend’s nephew, Henry Codman Potter, began to seek financial support for the construction of the Cathedral, and eventually purchased a 5-hectare plot. The cornerstone was laid in 1892, and the first service was held in 1899. The Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist is located on Amsterdam Avenue in new York city. Currently, it is more than a hundred years old, and it is expected to be built for several more decades, since there is no proper funding.
5. TA Keo
Ta Keo is a temple-mountain in the ancient city of Angkor, which includes five towers-shrines located in a pyramid. It may have been one of the greatest and largest temples ever built, but it was never completed. Despite the fact that TA Kaeo is unfinished, the structure is large enough to be visible from afar. The main temple is made of five tiers, and the pyramid rises 14 meters above the second terrace.
Five large towers are built in a staggered order, and the outer walls are surrounded by a moat. The temple mount is entirely made of Sandstone, and the reason why it was unfinished is unknown. The restored inscriptions suggest that construction was halted after the temple was struck by lightning, which was considered an evil omen. But even an incomplete temple is a magnificent sight.
6. Pyramid Of Neferefra
The ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Neferefra built a pyramid in the necropolis of Abusir. Since he died before the pyramid was completed, it was rebuilt into a mastaba, in which the Pharaoh was buried. The pyramid began with a large base about the size of Sahur’s pyramid. The builders dug a hole in the middle of the base where the burial chamber should have been located.
The entrance corridor was built on the North side, and a trench led from it to the pit. The remains of the body of the Pharaoh were found, and when they were examined, it turned out that Neferefra died at the age of 22 or 23 years. Since only one tier of the pyramid was completed by that time, it seems that the builders decided to transform it into a mastaba.
7. National momument of Scotland
The national monument of Scotland is located high on Calton hill in Edinburgh. Instead of considering it a national treasure, Scots often refer to it as the” shame of Scotland ” due to the fact that the monument was never completed. The monument was a monument to Scottish soldiers and sailors who died in the Napoleonic wars, and its Foundation was laid in 1824, but construction quickly stopped in 1829 when money ran out. There have been several attempts to finish the large monument, but it still remains incomplete.
8. The Ryugyong Hotel
The ryugen hotel in North Korea’s capital, Pyongyang, was supposed to open in 1989, but it was never completed. At that time, it would have been the seventh-largest skyscraper and the tallest hotel in the world. Construction of the hotel began in 1987, but the economic depression brought work to a halt.
The hotel was to consist of 3,000 rooms, seven revolving restaurants, casinos, Nightclubs, and Lounges. Over the years, various contractors have tried to resume work, but all ended in nothing. The height of the 105-story tower is 330 meters.
9. La Sagrada Familia
The famous Church in Barcelona, Sagrada Familia, has been under construction since 1882. The Basilica is currently 70 percent complete, and work is underway to create six Central towers. After more than 130 years of construction, it is now estimated that less than 10 years remain to complete. The total cost of building a large Roman Catholic Church located in Barcelona is almost impossible to calculate.
Today, the annual budget of “La Sagrada Familia” is about 27 million dollars, and it is funded by private donations. The height of the new tower will be 172 meters, i.e. it will become one of the highest religious structures in Europe. The structure should be completed by 2026, but additional time may be required to apply decorative elements.
10. Bara Kaman
Bara Kaman is the unfinished mausoleum of Ali Adil Shah II, who was the eighth ruler of the Adil Shah dynasty in Bijapur (also known as Vijayapura) in India. He wanted to build a mausoleum more beautiful and larger than anyone had ever seen. Bara Kaman means “12 arches”, and the building was to consist of 12 arches built horizontally and vertically around the tomb of Ali Adil Shah II. Construction of the mausoleum began in 1672, but it was never completed. Ali Adil Shah was killed by his own father before the work was finished.