European town where you can go for a walk only with a weapon and it is forbidden to die
On the world map, there is one very interesting place that has recently become a tourist attraction – Norwegian Longyearbyen. This northernmost city of the world is the largest settlement on Svalbard and the administrative center of the harsh archipelago. On its territory is located all the northernmost-the airport, international University, Museum, library, and even a special Repository of the doomsday. There are very strange laws: one is forbidden to walk without a weapon, and others do – to die on its territory.
The Svalbard archipelago itself is a very specific place, because its territory did not belong to any of the countries of the world until the beginning of the last century. Here , of course, the representatives of the neighboring countries, they were hunters or coal miners, but there was no one to protect the territory and take care of it.Therefore, in 1920, at the peace conference in Paris, the Treaty of Svalbard was signed, which secured the right to full self-government over the archipelago for Norway, and the other countries that signed it, were able to freely conduct economic and scientific activities in this place.
The city of Longyearbyen itself was founded in 1906 by an American coal miner who laid down a coal mine, which was sold ten years later to the Norwegian company Store Norske.
Naturally, the settlement flourished at first, because the country was so in need of coal, and even after the complete destruction during the Second world war, it was quickly restored. But by the beginning of the 1990s, coal mining in the city and its surroundings had almost stopped, and only one mine remained operating, which provides fuel for the local power plant.
Therefore, to stay afloat, the city has actively begun to develop tourist infrastructure, as well as research activities. After all, this region is of particular interest to both extreme tourists and naturalists.
One of the strange laws in Longyearbyen is a ban on walking without a weapon. After all, this archipelago is the Kingdom of polar bears, and a meeting with them can end fatally. Therefore, all tourists are forbidden to leave the city without an armed escort.
On the streets of the city, too, it is not safe, because at any time you can meet such a dangerous guest. Given that Svalbard international University and the Norwegian Polar University Department are located here, and its students are not always local residents, they are trained from the very first days to behave correctly when meeting wild animals and shooting.
At the same time, it is strictly forbidden to kill bears without the most compelling reason. Every case of animal death is very carefully investigated, and if it turns out that you killed a bear from more than 50 meters away, then you can not avoid a huge fine or even jail time.
Given the pilgrimage of tourists and thoughtless intimidation of club-footed people, a new type of fine “for intimidating an animal without a reason” has appeared, which will also significantly hit the pocket of a negligent guest.
Despite the fact that Svalbard is a Norwegian territory, it largely lives by its own laws, dictated by the harsh life of the archipelago. The very first one restricts entry to pensioners and the unemployed, so only the working-age population is here, no matter what country they are originally residents of.
Yes, and there is no way to be born in this city, all pregnant women in the last month are taken to the Mainland. Not to mention seriously ill people who are strictly forbidden to stay here, they are immediately sent to the mainland.
In this region there is another unusual law that prohibits the burial on the territory of the archipelago. That’s why they take out all the sick and do not allow people of advanced age to live. But such a blasphemous law is also dictated by the extreme realities of life.
The only cemetery in Longyearbyen was closed 70 years ago, when after a RAID by wild animals that dug up the graves, it was found that the bodies simply freeze and do not smolder at all, while preserving all the dangerous viruses and diseases. At first, this discovery was very happy for medical scientists, who were able to study many diseases and were even able to isolate a strain of the flu virus that claimed many lives back in 1917.
But when they came to their senses, they realized that the consequences of such raids could be simply fatal for the people living in this territory. So I had to issue a law that every seriously ill person must immediately leave the city, and suddenly the dead are simply transported to the nearest city on the mainland and buried.
Not only is this harsh place famous for its special laws, but a unique world seed storage facility has been created here, which has a more vivid and precise figurative definition – the doomsday Vault. It was the Norwegians who initiated this project, setting themselves a very ambitious and noble goal — to provide a strategic supply of plant seeds from all corners of the globe.
After all, if there is any disaster, no matter what nature it will be, natural or man-made, the inhabitants of the planet will be able to get the genetic material of their area and gradually restore the ruined flora.
And Svalbard was chosen for a reason, because the permafrost conditions are the best suited for such storage, and its special design is able to withstand any cataclysms.
This region has something to surprise tourists who are not afraid of frosts or menacing polar bears. Although there are no special architectural attractions, but a visit to the special doomsday Vault and an unforgettable Northern landscape, boundless sea and bright houses — all this splendor will remain in the memory of any traveler.